Quick Answer: Which Is The Oldest Literature In India?

Who wrote Rig Veda?

Ved VyasaAccording to the Puranic tradition, Ved Vyasa compiled all the four Vedas, along with the Mahabharata and the Puranas.

Vyasa then taught the Rigveda samhita to Paila, who started the oral tradition..

Who is the father of Indian literature?

Bhartendu HarishchandraHindi literature is unimaginable without Bhartendu Harishchandra, one of the greatest Hindi writers of modern India. Also known as the father of Hindi literature and Hindi theatre, he was a recognized poet and a leading figure in Hindi prose writing.

What is the most famous Indian literature?

The most famous works in Sanskrit are the Hindu holy texts like the Vedas, Upanishads, and Manusmriti. Another popular literature, Tamil literature has a rich literary tradition spanning over 2000 years, and is particularly known for its poetic nature in the form of epics, and philosophical and secular works.

Is Sanskrit older than Persian?

They are much older than Sanskrit. A so called “mother of all languages” does not exist because all known languages (also Sanskrit) derived from other different extinct languages. Persian itself is a variant of Sanskrit so there is not much debate about.

Who invented the first book in the world?

Johannes Gutenberg1455: The Gutenberg Bible (in Latin) was the first book printed in Europe with movable metal type, by Johannes Gutenberg.

Which is the first Hindi novel?

BhagyawatiBhagyawati is an 1877 novel by Shardha Ram Phillauri. The book is now acknowledged as the one of the first novels in Hindi. Previously, Lala Sri Niwas had written his Hindi novel Pariksha guru, which was published in 1882.

Which is the oldest literature in the world?

The Epic of GilgameshThe Epic of Gilgamesh started out as a series of Sumerian poems and tales dating back to 2100 B.C., but the most complete version was written around the 12th century B.C. by the Babylonians.

What is the first book ever written?

The Epic of GilgameshThe first ever book The first book ever written that we know of is The Epic of Gilgamesh: a mythical retelling of an important political figure from history. Years later, in 1454, a German man called Johannes Gutenburg built his very own (and the world’s first ever) printing press, or movable type.

How old is the Bible?

Scholars have believed the Hebrew Bible in its standard form first came about some 2,000 years ago, but never had physical proof, until now, according to the study. Previously the oldest known fragments of the modern biblical text dated back to the 8th century.

Which is the richest language in India?

More than one million speakersRankLanguage2011 Census of India (total: 1,210,854,977)Speakers1Hindi528,347,1932Bengali97,237,6693Marathi83,026,68028 more rows

Which is the biggest Sahitya Award in India?

Jnanpith AwardJnanpith Award, highest literary award in India, given annually for the best creative literary writing to writers in any of the 22 “scheduled languages” recognized in the Indian Constitution. The prize carries a cash award, a citation, and a bronze replica of Vagdevi (Saraswati), the goddess of learning.

Who is the first poet?

EnheduannaEnheduanna (Sumerian: 𒂗𒃶𒌌𒀭𒈾, also transliterated as Enheduana, En-hedu-ana, or variants; fl. 23rd century BC) is the earliest known poet whose name has been recorded.

Which is the biggest book in the world?

The Guinness Book of World Records gives a more standard type of book the record—they say the world’s largest book is a 2012 text on the Prophet Muhammad created in Dubai and measuring an impressive 16.40 ft x 26.44 ft.

Who wrote the first poem?

The author of the first poem is unknown. However, The Epic of Gilgamesh is considered to be the first poem ever. Besides the epic, the Rig Vedas of Hinduism and the Song of the Weaver from Egypt are among the first poems ever.

Which was the first language on earth?

Tamil languageThe Tamil language is recognized as the oldest language in the world and it is the oldest language of the Dravidian family. This language had a presence even around 5,000 years ago.

Who is known as the father of poetry?

Geoffrey Chaucer was born in the 1340s in London, and though he is long gone, he is by no means forgotten. … Ever since the end of the 14th century, Chaucer has been known as the “father of English poetry,” a model of writing to be imitated by English poets.

Who is the first poet in India?

Henry Louis Vivian Derozio is considered the first poet in the lineage of Indian English poetry followed by Rabindranath Tagore, Sri Aurobindo, Sarojini Naidu, Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Toru Dutt among others.

Who is the national poet in India?

AsiaCountryPoetBangladeshKazi Nazrul IslamChinaDu Fu, Li Bai, Lu XunCambodiaPreah Botumthera Som, Krom Ngoy, Chuon NathIndiaValmiki, Vedavyasa, Kalidasa, Tulsidas, Maithili Sharan Gupt, Rabindranath Tagore, Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Subramanya Bharathi, Kuvempu, M. Govinda Pai, G.S. Shivarudrappa, Pradeep31 more rows

Who is the best writer in the world?

1. James Patterson — £71.3 million ($95 million) James Patterson is the world’s highest-paid author by a wide margin, and has been the world’s best-selling author since 2001. He has sold more than 350 million books worldwide, and is most famous for the “Alex Cross” crime novel series.

What is the oldest Sanskrit literature?

the RigvedaThe earliest attested Sanskrit text is the Rigveda, a Hindu scripture, from the mid-to-late second millennium BCE.

Which is the earliest work of Hindi literature?

ChandrakantaChandrakanta, written by Devaki Nandan Khatri in 1888, is considered the first authentic work of prose in modern Hindi.